|Sub Group||Generic Formulations||Brand Name||Dosages||Unit||In treatment of||Adverse Effects||Contraiindication||Special Precaution||Interaction||Servings|
|FUROSEMIDE||40 MG||Tablets||Treatment of Oedema associated w/ heart failure||1. Dizziness |
9. Frequent urination
11. Altered renal function tests
13. Altered liver function tests
14. Dry mouth
15. Hypo calcaemia
16. Hypo kalaemia
17. Hypo natraemia
18. Transient deafness
19. Gastro intestinal disturbances
20. Visual impairment
21. Muscle cramps
22. Decreased tolerance to carbohydrates
23. Hyper uricaemia.
24. Electrolyte imbalance
25. Orthostatic hypotension
26. Aplastic anaemia
|1. Hypo natraemia |
2. Hypo kalaemia
3. Hypo volaemia
5. Hepatic coma
6. Hypersensitivity to the drug
7. Anuric renal failure
|1. Hepatic impairment |
2. Renal impairment
4. Diabetes mellitus
5. Hypersensitivity to Sulfonamides
6. Fluid and electrolyte imbalance
7. Long term purgatives
8. Hepatic cirrhosis
9. Chronic Diarrhoea and dehydration.
|Anticoagulants: Activity of anticoagulants may be enhanced. |
Aminoglycoside antibiotics: Frusemide increases potential for ototoxicity.
Cisplatin: Frusemide increases potential for ototoxicity.
Digitalis glycosides: Diuretics induced potassium loss may precipitate digitalis toxicity, increased frequency of cardiac arrhythmias.
NSAIDs: Effect of frusemide reduced.
Lithium: Therapeutic and toxic effects of lithium increased.
Metolazone: Profound diuresis and greater than predicted electrolyte loss related to the ability of metolazone to block proximal tubular sodium reabsorption useful in patients refractory to frusemide.
Non-depolarizing muscle relaxants: Action of succinylcholine & tubocurarine potentiated by low doses reversed by high doses.
Food: Efficacy reduced when administered with food.
Propranolol: Plasma propranolol level may be increased.
Clofibrate: Increased diuretic responses.
Hydantoins: May decrease the diuretic effects.
Oedema: 40mg in the morning. Increased if required; based on patient`s response up to 80mg.
Maintenance dosage: 20 to 40mg daily or on alternate days.
Maximum dose: 600mg/day.
Adult: 20 to 50mg as slow I.V. or I.M. injection. Increased by 20mg every 2hours. Higher I.V. doses must be infused
Children: 0.5 to 1.5mg/kg/day.
Maximum child dose: 20mg/day.
Oliguria: 250mg/day. Gradually increased; by 250mg at every 4 to 6 hours.
Maximum dose: 2gm
Hypertension: 40mg orally twice daily. Adjust the dosage according to patient`s response.
Hypercalcaemia: 120mg orally/day or 80 to 100mg I.V. every 1 to 2 hours
Acute pulmonary Oedema:
Adults: 40mg slow I.V. injection. Then 80mg within 1hour if required.
Children: 1mg/kg I.V.or I.M. Every 2 hours until desired response is gained.
Maximum dose: 6mg/kg/day.